It refers to the inability of a male to sustain erection consistently and repeatedly. It is a common problem and it is reported that it affects around 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. Most of the time individuals are reluctant to talk about it to other people even to doctors. This is why it is important to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis contains 2 cylinder-shaped chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs along the length of the penis. They contain arteries which accept the blood to the penis and blood vessels which take the blood away from your penis. When there is sexual stimulation either actually or mentally our brain transmits a message to the nerves in the male organ to cause the relaxation of the penile arteries. This increases the blood circulation to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection. There is simultaneous contraction of specialized muscle tissues located in the penis which compresses the particular veins and reduces the output of blood from the penis thereby helping to sustain erection.
This is very clear now that anything that interferes with the possibly nerve impulses anywhere from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the particular blood flow to the penis can result in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most of the people consider it as being a psychological problem. However it is not the case. Although psychological factors are involved in the causation of ED but mostly we do have any underlying bodily cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1 . Vascular diseases
We understand that it is the increased blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular diseases which usually impair the blood flow to the male organ will make it difficult to get erection. They will include atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and increased levels of cholesterols.
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2 . Diabetes
Males suffering from diabetes mellitus usually encounter erectile dysfunction at some point of life particularly if they don’t have an optimum sugar manage. The erectile dysfunction associated with diabetes can be attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as spirit.
3. Neurologic Disorder
For sufficient erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any disorder that interferes with the particular functions of brain or spirit can cause erectile dysfunction. They include problems such as Stroke Multiple sclerosis plus Alzheimer’s disease.
There are some lifestyle choices which can increase the risk of erection dysfunction. They include smoking, drinking plus drug abuse. The do so by interfering with the blood supply of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels plus nerve supplying the penis can also trigger erectile dysfunction. The importance of trauma as a reason for erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been riding bicycle for longer period of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels plus nerves supplying the penis thereby harming them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.
There are certain drugs that can result in erectile dysfunction. They include medications used to lower blood pressure and also some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are some of the causes of impotence problems and the drugs you are using to treat these conditions also cause impotence problems. This is why it is important for you to talk to you doctor if you are on any medications and you start having problems with the penile erection.
Mostly older people above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is actually the age when people also present along with enlargement of the prostate and even along with prostate cancer. They require surgeries for people conditions and during surgery the nerves supplying the penis might be broken resulting in erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is involved in attaining erection as well as pleasure and exhilaration associated with sex so any problem that will interferes with functioning of brain may cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are responsible for only about 10-15%of the cases of ED. They include Article additional: lozenges for erectile dysfunction